Drawings & Paintings
Concrete Forms of Resistance
25 mins | 2019 | HDV
Filmed in Tripoli, Lebanon, Concrete Forms of Resistance is a documentary centred upon the city’s abandoned ‘Permanent International Fair’, designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer in the mid-1960s.
Encompassing international pavilions, theatres, museums, landscaped park and social housing, the vast exhibition complex was to be a public, civic space for economic and cultural exchange, decentralising power from Beirut and healing sectarian divisions. Never completed or operational, the fair's iconic buildings were used by militia forces at the outbreak of Lebanon’s civil war in 1975, and for many years served as a strategic base for the occupying Syrian army.
Concrete Forms of Resistance presents layered themes of progress and crisis, material and memory, contrasting the utopian vision of the original plans with the stark realities of religious conflict, regional instability and rising economic inequalities. Interwoven throughout the film are sequences that feature Tripoli’s artisan carpenters, who provided a key role in the site’s original construction: creating the timber ‘formwork’ moulds to cast Niemeyer’s signature curved, organic shapes, and leaving impressions of woodgrain on the Brutalist concrete surfaces. More recently, the fair’s guesthouse building has been restored to provide a workshop facility for the carpenters.
Reflecting upon pressing global issues from a plurality of voices, the documentary includes audio interviews with architect and activist Wassim Naghi, alongside archival recordings of Oscar Niemeyer. The film's soundtrack features an original score by Sam McLoughlin and David Chatton Barker (Folklore Tapes), combined with field-recordings made inside the fair's 'Experimental Theatre' dome.
Cinematographer, Editor, Director: Nick Jordan
Wood carvers: Fawze Saboune, Abdullah Ezzeddine
Voices: Oscar Niemeyer, Wassim Naghi, Samer Barakat, Yvette Chehade, Karina Al-Helou,
Hajj Ahmad, Elie Mouchaham
Soundtrack score: Sam McLoughlin & David Chatton Barker
Production assistant: Adele Jordan
Translators: Mohamed Dibsy, Hussain Ussaili
With thanks to: Wassim Naghi, Bren O'Callaghan, Jamie Allan, Bechara Chemaly, Mohammad Dibsy,
Julien Schmitt, Nour Sawaya, Hussain Ussaili, Lara Zeidan, Samer Barakat, Yvette Chehade,
Adele Jordan, Clara Casian, Laura Carreira, Dominic Sagar